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WEF Manual of Practice Ultraviolet Disinfection for Wastewater – Chapter 3: Bioassay Methods to Determine the Ultraviolet Dose (Fluence) Delivery of an Ultraviolet System

WEF Manual of Practice Ultraviolet Disinfection for Wastewater – Chapter 3: Bioassay Methods to Determine the Ultraviolet Dose (Fluence) Delivery of an Ultraviolet System

Whitby, G.E., and Sotirakos, B.
Published In: 
Water Environment Foundation,  
December 2015

Developed in conjunction with the International Ultraviolet Association, this is a guide for consultants, wastewater utilities, and operators that provides introductory information on the advantages—and disadvantages—of UV disinfection compared to other commonly used technologies.

Using specific case studies to illustrate concepts, UV Disinfection for Wastewater fills a gap in the design guidance that is available for UV disinfection for low-dose applications, including disinfection of secondary and tertiary wastewater effluent discharges to meet NPDES compliance.

Chapter 3, Bioassay Methods to Determine the Ultraviolet Dose (Fluence) Delivery of an Ultraviolet System, discusses the three most prevalent biodosimetry tests (bioassays) in use for wastewater applications. It also provides a bioassay validation exemplar.

​Whitby, G.E., and Sotirakos, B. "Chapter 3 – Bioassay Methods to Determine the Ultraviolet Dose (Fluence) Delivery of an Ultraviolet System." WEF Manual of Practice "Ultraviolet Disinfection for Wastewater – Low-Dose Application Guidance for Secondary and Tertiary Discharges." Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, VA, and International Ultraviolet Association, Washington, DC, 2015.